Why a Climate Change Strategy?

Climate change is a global challenge that requires a rapid and decisive response from every country. The consequences of climate change in the Republic of Serbia are anticipated to create material, financial consequences and human loss. The National Climate Change Strategy will establish a strategic framework for climate action and including adaptation options to address climate risks.

The Climate Strategy will show that Serbia is moving forward in the fulfilment of both its international commitments and national objectives. The Strategy will include feasible goals that will go beyond reducing greenhouse gases to include considerations of long-term sustainable socio-economic development, economic growth and improving living standards for citizens.

Paris Agreement and EU policies

The Paris Agreement, adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016. It sets out a global action plan to put the world on track to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C. Previously, the European Union (EU) adopted the 2030 Climate and Energy Framework; its targets entail a GHG reduction of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

In July 2016, the European Commission presented a package of measures on binding annual greenhouse gas emission targets for Member States from 2021-2030 for the transport, building, agriculture, waste, land-use and forestry sectors as contributors to EU climate action. This EU package will help accelerate the transition towards a competitive and low-carbon economy, accompanied with further initiatives on renewable, energy efficiency and internal energy market.

EU financial instruments are significant contributors to climate funding. Over 50% of the investments approved so far are climate-related. In addition, the Commission actively works to ensure that EU budget spending is aligned with climate objectives. At least 20% of the current EU budget will be spent on climate change.

 Serbia’s progress in climate change policy

Prior to the Paris Conference, Serbia submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC) with the pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of 9.8% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Serbia now needs to put in place robust climate and energy policies that will enable of the implementation of the INDC pledge and its potential strengthening in the coming years. This policy framework should allow for decision-making on future objectives, targets, and priority policies and measures for mitigation.

Serbia has started the process of harmonising national legislation with the EU legislation framework. Establishing a system of monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) is one of the key demands of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and EU legislation. The recognition of the importance of the MRV monitoring system and the improved planning and implementation of policies relevant to fighting climate change in the Republic of Serbia has led to the establishment of several of the important elements of this system.

The Republic of Serbia has established an important component of the institutional and legal framework to fight climate change. At the same time, there is still a need for improvement, as well as capacity building and greater knowledge by responsible and competent institutions, at the national and local levels.

Beside the legislative framework that guide and stimulate these types of activity, the reduction of GHG emissions is primarily determined by the implementation of concrete infrastructural projects. In order to achieve the GHG emissions reductions, priority activities in the energy, waste and forestry sectors need to be put in place. Furthermore, in order to accomplish them financial assistance will be necessary probably from the international community.

Further information on associated projects is available at: – UNDP, – Twinning project and